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Wednesday, 27 November 2013

Indian Strawberry, Mock Strawberry – Herbs for Dogs and Cats




In this article…
1. Indian Strawberry
2. Health Benefits – Uses
3. Make Your Own Indian Strawberry Medicine
4. Cautions
5. Side Effects
6. Drug Interactions
7. General Guideline for Daily Herbal Intake

1.0 Indian Strawberry
  • Botanical Name – Duchesnea indica
  • Scientific Name – Potentilla indica
  • Common names – Indian Strawberry, Indian Mock Strawberry, False Strawberry, Gurbir,
                                       May Weed, Mock Strawberry, She Mei, Snake Berry, Wild Indian
                                       Strawberry

Indian strawberry is a perennial herbal plant. There is some debate as to the plants origins – some believe the plant is native to Asia while others say North America. Today the Indian strawberry can be found growing on grassy slopes, meadows, shaded woodlands and wetlands all over North America. The Indian strawberry has small five-petal yellow flowers. An early bloomer, flowers first emerge in April and continue to bloom through summer and into the fall.  This herbal plant yields a small red edible berry. The berry is very plain tasting – lacking the flavour and sweetness of the common wild strawberry, however the berry of the Indian strawberry has excellent medicinal properties as do the leaves. The leaves are evergreen or semi-evergreen depending on the weather zone. Indian strawberry is a low growing, fast spreading plant which propagates by seed and by stolons.

Medicinal Properties

The entire plant – berries, leaves and stems offer multiple medicinal properties:
  • Anticoagulant;
  • Antiseptic;
  • Depurative (cleansing, detoxification, purifier);
  • Febrifuge (fever reducing);
  • Vitamin C;
  • Minerals – Calcium, iron, magnesium, potassium, phosphorus;
  • Protein.
Traditionally used as a Chinese herb, the Indian Strawberry is now being studied for use as:
  • An inhibitor to stop the spread of the HIV virus throughout the body; 
  • An inhibitor to arrest the growth of tumors and stop the spread of cancer throughout the body.


Indian Strawberry can be used in Various Forms
  •  Medicinally...
    • Decoction – use the roots of the plant;
    • Infusion – use the dry flower petals, leaves and soft stems;
    • Poultice – use the fresh harvested leaves and fruit;
  • Culinary Herb – use the dried leaves of the plant;

2.0 Health Benefits – Uses

Topical – Poultice
  • Skin Diseases and Conditions:
    • Abscesses;
    • Boils;
    • Burns;
    • Eczema- weeping;
    • Insect Bites;
    • Ringworm;
    • Snake bites;
    • Traumatic injuries.

Ingested Treatment
  • Decoction
    • Swelling
  • Infusion or Extract
    • Blood circulation activation;
    • Upper Respiratory Tract Infections;
    • Laryngitis;
    • Tonsillitis.
  • Digestive Tract Issues;
    • Stomatitis – inflammation of the stomach’s mucus lining

3.0 Recipes
Make Your Own Indian Strawberry Medicine

Make Your Own Poultice
  • You will need…
    • Fresh Leaves;
    • Fresh Berries;
    • A cloth.
  • To Make…
    • Place leaves and berries in the cloth;
    • Crush the cloth to mash the leaves and berries;
  • Apply the moist mash directly to the irritation, wound site.

Medicinal Remedy for Stomach Issues
  • You will need…
    • 4 oz of water;
    • 1/8 cup of the berries;
    • ½ tsp of raw unpasteurized honey (optional ingredient) – do not use pasteurized honey
    • ½ tsp of mint or peppermint – fresh crushed or dry leaves (optional ingredient);
    • 1/8 tsp of ginger – fresh minced or powder (optional ingredient).
  • Preparation…
    • Use a blender or food processor to blend the ingredients together;
  • Feeding...
    • Place in a bowl or pour on top of your dog’s or cat’s food.

4. Cautions

None – Indian Strawberry is non-toxic to puppies, dogs, kittens and cats


5. Side Effects

None


6. Drug Interactions
None


7. General Guideline

Daily Herbal Intake Based on Dog’s or Cat’s Weight
Weight
Dry Powders


Teas
Capsules/Tablets
Tinctures
1-10 lbs
a small pinch up to 1/8 tsp
less than 1/4 cup, 1-3 times/day
1/2 capsule, 1-3 times/day
1-3 drops, 2-3 times/day
10-20 lbs
1 larger pinch - 1/8 to ¼ tsp
1/4 cup, 1-3 times/day
1/2-1 capsule/tablet, 1-3 times/day
3-5 drops, 2-3 times/day
20-50 lbs
2 pinches - 1 teaspoon
1/4-1/2 cup, 1-3 times/day
1-2 capsules/tablets, 2-3 times/day
5-10 drops, 2-3 times/day
50-100 lbs 10-
2 pinches - 2 teaspoons
1/2-1 cup, 1-3 times/day
1-2 capsules/tablets, 3-4 times/day
20 drops, 2-3 times/day
Over 100 lbs,
up to 1 tablespoon
up to 1 cup 3 times/day
adult human dose
adult human dose

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Monday, 25 November 2013

Fresh Papaya for Dogs and Cats – Healthful Dietary Supplement, Nutraceutical



 In this article...
    1. History of Papaya
    2. Health Uses, Benefits of Papaya for your Dog and Cat
    3. Selecting and Use
    4. Preparing the Papaya
    5. How to Add Fresh Papaya to Your Dog’s, Cat’s Daily Diet
    6. Daily Dosage

1.0 History of Papaya
The papaya tree is a tropical plant that is native to Central America. The early Portuguese and Spanish explorers are responsible for the introduction of the papaya tree to other subtropical locations such as Africa, India and the Philippines. Papaya trees have also been introduced to the warmer parts of North America such as Florida and Hawaii, and countries such as Mexico and Puerto Rico. The papaya is the fruit of the tree.


2.0 Health Uses, Benefits of Papaya for your Dog and Cat

The enzymes in papaya contain properties that are very beneficial…
  • Anti-inflammatory;
    • Papaya contains papain and chymopapain – two unique protein-digesting enzymes  that help to reduce:
      • Inflammation;
      • Improve healing from burns;
    • The high levels of vitamin C, E and beta-caratene also help to reduce inflammation;
    • These anti-inflammatory qualities are helpful in treating inflammatory conditions such as:
      •  Asthma;
      •  Cancer;
      • Osteoarthritis;
      • Rheumatoid arthritis;
  • Anti-fungal
    • Natural treatment for ringworm;

  • Antioxidents
    • Papaya is a rich source of antioxidents including:
      • B vitamins;
        • Carotenes;
        • Beta carotene is used by the body to make Vitamin A;
        • Vitamin A is required to support healthy bones, cells and skin;
      • Flavonoids; 
        • Such as Lycopene; 
        • Lycopene is thought to reduce the risk of 
        • Cancer; 
        • Heart disease, and; 
        • Macular degeneration; 
        • Yellow fleshed papaya contains no lycopene; 
        • Red-fleshed Papaya contains a high level of lycopene; 
        • Folate; 
        • Vitamin A, C and E; 
        • Papaya has one of the highest concentrations of Vitamin C found in fruits; 
        • Vitamin C enables the body’s production of collagen – an essential for the health of bones, gums, muscles and teeth; 
  • Minerals: 
    • Magnesium; 
    • Potassium; 
      • Essential to keeping blood pressure at a normal level;
  • Cancer protection;
    • Colon Cancer:
      • Papaya helps provide protection against colon cancer;
        • The fibre in papaya helps to bind to cancer-causing toxins in the colon, thus protecting healthy colon cells from damage;
        • The high levels of Vitamin C, E and beta-carotene also help to protect against colon cancer;
    • Prostate Cancer;
      • Adding papaya and green tea (use decaffeinated green tea only for dogs and cats) to the daily diet can significantly decreases the risk of prostate cancer;

  • Cardiovascular Health;
    • Papaya promotes the health of the cardiovascular system;
      • The carotenoids help prevent the oxidation of cholesterol – which…
      • Aids in the protection of:
        • Atherosclerosis;
        • Diabetic heart disease;
      • Supports cardiovascular health by enabling a healthy heart beat.

  • Dewormer
    • Parasite remedy, natural dewormer
      • Papaya helps to irritate and destroy worms in the Gastrointestinal Tract (GI Tract);
      • Read more about natural dewormers here;
  • Digestive health;
    • The enzyme papain aids in the digestion of proteins and also helps alleviate allergies;
      • Papain is similar to Bromelain – a digestive enzyme derived from pineapples which is also to aid digestion, treat allergies, muscle, tendon, ligment injuries and trauma;
    • Papaya is an excellent source of fibre.;

  • Eye Health;
      • The high levels of vitamin A, C and E and carotenoids found in Papaya help to prevent against:
        • Age-related macular degeneration (ARMD), and;
        • Neovascular ARMD (associated with complete vision loss);
          • For more on natural support for eye health you can read here;

  • Immune System Health
    • The high level of vitamin A and C are immune system supporting and can selp in the fight against:
    • Colds;
    • Flu – canine influenza;

  • Muscle Health
    • Supports healthy muscle development and maintenance;

3.0 Selecting and Use

  • As always, organic is always best;
  • As noted above the red-fleshed Papaya has more health promoting properties than the yellow-fleshed papaya;
  • Look for Papaya’s that are slightly soft to the touch as papayas that are very hard will remain relatively hard and will not develop the same moisture rich flavour as a softer papaya;
    • Hard papaya is also lower in antioxidant content;
  • Leave the papaya out at room temperature until it starts to soften;
  • Once ripe store in the refrigerator and within a few days of ripening prepare as follows…

4.0 To Prepare the Papaya
  • Remove the skin of the papaya;
  • Remove the seeds;
  • Finely chop or mince by hand or using a food processor or blender;

5.0 How to Add Fresh Papaya to Your Dog’s or Cat’s
      Daily Diet
  • Mix the papaya in with your companion animal’s regular food at meal time;
  • Make a *yogurt or kefir, papaya and raw unpasteurized honey smoothie as a healthy treat for your dog or cat - simply add as a topper to his//her food or serve as a separate treat;
  • Yes the ASPCA lists dairy as bad for your dog and cat;
    • The ASPCA’s condemnation of dairy is inaccurate and incorrect;
    • Certain types of dairy products such as cheese, kefir and yogurt are very good for most dogs and cats;
    • You can read about the many health benefits and how to choose a good dairy product for your dog or cat here.

6.0 Daily Dosage
  • Small Size Dogs and Cats
    • ½  tsp to 1/8 cup
  • Medium Size dogs;
    •  1 tbs to ¼ cup
  • Large Size Dogs;
    • 2 tbs to ½ cup

Holistic Support

Additional Assistance - Holistic Health and Wellness Service
If you require additional support, and guidance - contact me to discuss your requirements. I will determine the appropriate course of action for your situation and I will let you know the applicable fees. I offer consultative services to clients around the world...
Diet, Nutrition Wellness Services
  • Unbiased Diet, Nutrition, Product Advice - information and payment here >>. 
  • Holistic Diet, Nutrition Wellness Plans - information and payment here >>.
Dog Obedience Training and Behavior Modification Services
  • In-Person sessions - information and payment here >>.
  • On-Line consultation and sessions - information and payment here >>.